Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of diarrheagenic escherichia coli isolated from actue diarrhoea children
Author(s): Vijayalakshmi Selvakumar, Panneerselvam A, Subashini G, Bhuvaneswari S, Arockia Suganya S
Abstract: Diarrhoea is one of the causes of the uppermost mortality and morbidity in children, predominantly in children younger than 5 years. In world, 6 million children die each year from diarrhoea, where the common deaths come about in developing countries. In the present study Prevalance and Antimicrobial resistance Pattern of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Isolated From Acute Diarrhea Children were studied. A total of 27 under-five years old children who included in this study the minimum age of cases was less than 12 months and the maximum age was 60 months. Among 27 isolates, all were resistant to amphicillin/claxacillin, cefdinir, cefixime, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, cephalexin and co-trimoxazole. The MDR isolate AS-13 was selected for further investigations and characterization. Most of the E. coli isolates showed multiple drug resistance and measures such as observation of appropriate personal hygiene by children, mother’s behavior and environmental condition, use of effective disinfectants in reducing the potential pathogenic organisms in house and so forth. Prescribers should be well-known with local antibiotic sensitivity profiles and should conform to the local antibiotic guide-lines. A hospital antibiotic policy should be formulated based on local antimicrobial resistance data. Prescribers should be educated about the use of antibiotics, when not to use them and also the infection control strategies.