Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2018)
Incidence and prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites infecting sheep and goats in Sennar state, Sudan
Author(s): Mohammed S Mohammed, Sami M Bukhari, Adam D Abakar, Adil EA Bala, Siddig E Idris
Abstract: Sudan possess more than ninety million head of sheep and goats. However, rare was reported regarding Babesiosis, Anaplasmosis and Theileriosis in sheep and goats. In the present study the prevalence of Babesia, Theileria and Anaplasma, the causative agents for sheep and goats piroplasmosis were investigated in Sennar state, Sudan, through a crosssectional study carried out based on Giemsa staining assay from November 2014 to October 2015. The study was performed in five locations namely Sennar, Singa, El Mazmum, Abu Na'ama and El Dinder. Of 1415 sheep and goats examined, 31.66% of the Sheep and 18.62% of the goats were positive for different Piroplasma species. Apparently, sheep had higher rate of Piroplasma species infection compared with goats. Additionally, in both animals the overall prevalence was higher in Babesia species followed by Theileria spp and then Anaplasma spp. Risk factor analysis showed that location and season were associated to sheep and goats piroplasmosis. Such results were discussed accordingly and recommendations were suggested to undertake the socio-economic importance, prevention and control of such diseases.